ABOUT SMOKING, INC.
Apr 11 2015
(Original) Photographs by Getty Images
Well, the rest of your life up to
the point when you are
diagnosed with cancer. I get what
you’re thinking. You’re 16 — you’
re invincible, just like all your
buddies. If you were to jump
ahead 33 years, you couldn’t
write a better dream than the one
your life is going to be.
Dear 16-year-old Curt,
Tomorrow at lunch, a kid is going to dare
you to take a dip of Copenhagen. If you say
yes, like I did, you’ll be addicted for the
rest of your life.
Nicotine and the Developing Human:
A Neglected Element in the Electronic Cigarette Debate
|CLICK ABOVE FOR
|E-Cigarettes Extinguished in
Posted: 03/03/2015, 01:30pm | NBC Washington Sun Times
An e-cigarette looks like a cigarette, works like a cigarette, and now -- like a traditional cigarette -- it's banned in Montgomery County.
The Montgomery County Council unanimously approved Bill 56-14 on Tuesday, banning the use of e-cigarettes in public places where traditional cigarette
smoking is banned.
The bill will now move to Montgomery County Executive Ike
Leggett for approval; it will go into effect 91 days after he
If the bill becomes law, smoking e-cigars, e-hookahs, e-pipes
and vape pens would also be illegal in the same places
where smoking traditional cigarettes is banned.
The bill also bans retail outlets from selling certain liquid
nicotine or liquid nicotine containers unless they are in
packaging that makes it difficult for children to get into.
While e-cigarettes do not produce tobacco smoke, they do
contain nicotine and other potentially harmful chemicals,
according to the council.
“Perhaps swayed by the belief that electronic cigarettes are
safe [...] teens who have never tried traditional cigarettes
are using e-cigs, putting themselves at risk for nicotine
addiction, nicotine poisoning or exposure to harmful
chemicals. I am not willing to gamble with the health of our
current generation of young people by waiting for federal
regulations,” said Councilmember Nancy Floreen.
Only a few states have extended their tobacco laws to cover
e-cigarettes. New Jersey, North Dakota and Utah have
specifically prohibited the use of e-cigarettes in public
places and work places, the council said.
With the approval of this bill, Montgomery follows several
counties in the quest to crack down on e-cigarettes.
A new study reveals an association between smoking and rates of Y chromosome loss in blood
cells, which may explain elevated cancer risk among male smokers.
|By Molly Sharlach |
December 4, 2014
Decades of epidemiological data demonstrate that men have higher overall cancer rates than women. This difference in risk is more than four-fold for
some types of cancer, but the reasons for the disparity remain mostly mysterious.
In an investigation of blood samples from more than 1,000 men, scientists at Uppsala University in Sweden and their colleagues found that those with
higher rates of chromosome Y loss tended to die younger and were more susceptible to a variety of cancers. Now, some of the same researchers have
shown that smoking behavior is strongly linked to the loss of the Y chromosome—a relatively common occurrence. The results, reported today
(December 4) in Science, suggest a mechanism for the increased risk of many cancers observed in male smokers compared to female smokers.
This work “provides an interesting hypothesis for a biological mechanism that could contribute to the sex ratio in cancer,” said cancer epidemiologist
Ellen Chang of the Stanford School of Medicine who was not involved in the study. “It certainly doesn’t provide a definitive answer,” she added. “It’s
more of a hypothesis.”
To explore potential causes for the loss of the Y chromosome, Uppsala’s Jan Dumanski, Lars Forsberg, and their colleagues examined the blood samples
and medical records of 6,000 Swedish men from three independent cohorts. They used single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis to quantify
the loss of the Y chromosome (LOY) in blood cells, and then tested for associations between LOY rates and factors such as age, education level,
exercise habits, smoking, and cholesterol levels.
“We analyzed many, many different potential confounders, but smoking was sticking out,” said Forsberg. “In all three cohorts, we see an independent
effect: that smokers have more loss of Y in their blood compared to nonsmokers.”
In two of the groups, the team was able to compare LOY levels in men
who were current smokers to LOY levels in those who had quit. Strikingly, they found that former smokers had LOY rates similar to those of men who had
never smoked. Further, data on smoking frequency suggested that occasional smokers experienced less LOY than heavier smokers, added Forsberg.
The researchers hypothesize that the loss of the Y chromosome may give cells a “proliferative advantage” due to the elimination of important
regulators—an idea consistent with recent evidence that the Y chromosome contains tumor suppressor genes. While LOY in blood cells may reflect this
process in many cell types, it is also possible that specific cancer-fighting abilities are compromised in immune cells that lack the Y chromosome.
In a small experiment, the researchers sorted blood cells from three 91-year-old cancer-free members of the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men,
which was initiated in 1970. This analysis showed low levels of LOY in CD4+ T cells, which participate in cancer immunosurveillance, but higher LOY rates
in other cell types. Forsberg said his team is working to obtain samples from a larger group of men to follow up on this finding.
While the underlying molecular links between smoking, LOY, and cancer remain unclear, this work contributes to “a rising tide of respect for and interest
in the Y chromosome and its role in human biology and health and disease,” said David Page, an expert on sex chromosome biology and the director of
the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts. “The publication of this paper in a high-profile journal is symptomatic of
that.” Until recently, Page added, scientists believed the Y chromosome contributed only to sex determination and male fertility, but “it’s now plausible
that loss of the Y chromosome could have consequences in every nook and cranny of the body.”
J.P. Dumanski et al., “Smoking is associated with mosaic loss of chromosome Y,” Science, doi:10.1126/science.1262092, 2014.
"The Arizona Community Foundation and
its Affiliates are a statewide philanthropy
and partnership of donors, volunteers,
staff, nonprofit organizations and the
community working together to empower
and align philanthropic interests with
community needs and build a legacy of
|Arizonans Concerned About Smoking, Inc., a 501(c)(3) Corporation, would like to expressour appreciation for
partial funding provided by Arizona Community Foundation.
With your generous support, we are able to blaze new trails into areas where others fear to tread.
We can continue our life-saving health educational efforts thanks to you.
|"Partial funding provided by the Arizona Community Foundation"
|HELP ENFORCE SMOKE-FREE ARIZONA (SFA), Become a SFA Advocate
|Smoke-Free Arizona has been the law since May, 2007;
however un-lawful smoking continues to occur well within
20 feet of all Arizona Business entrances.
How Arizona Businesses Can Comply with the Law:
Smoke-Free Arizona Business Compliance
How to Report a Violation (iPhone and Android Apps are
available): Smoke-Free Arizona Report Violations
The public is encouraged to report businesses that are not in
compliance with the Smoke-Free Arizona Act to the Arizona
Department of Health Services. Complainants may choose to
remain anonymous. County health departments are in charge of
investigating complaints about violations of the Smoke-Free
To learn more or if You have questions call us at (480) 733-5864.
Is this what You sometimes see at Arizona Business entrances? If so, please
report it. You can report it easily and anonymously or by submitting an
on-line complant. See how to report a violation on the left. To submit a
complaint You can also call (877) 429-6676. Thank You for being a SFA
Advocate in Your Community!
|7th Annual ACAS Health Leadership Award Ceremony
|Pictures now available from our Ceremony on 02.27.16!!